New Evidence On The Relationship Between Smoking And Cancer – Part 3 of 3
And “As far as we know, only a fraction of cancer patients who are smokers at diagnosis draw formal smoking cessation counseling from their physicians or health care providers at the time of diagnosis and treatment, and less than half of these patients eventually quit smoking after the diagnosis”. Therefore, there is great room for improvement with regard to tobacco control after diagnosis for the growing population of cancer survivors. Although the study found a higher death risk among men with cancer who keep to smoking, it did not prove a cause-and-effect relationship cheapest.
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New Evidence On The Relationship Between Smoking And Cancer – Part 2 of 3
Researchers accounted for factors including age, cancer site and treatment type. Among men who were smokers at diagnosis, those who continued smoking after diagnosis had a 76 percent increased endanger of death from all causes compared to those who quit, according to the study published Dec 6, 2013 in the record book Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers andamp; Prevention. Compared to men who quit smoking after cancer diagnosis, the higher risk of death among those who continued smoking varied with unlike types of cancer: 2,95-fold for bladder cancer, 2,36-fold for lung cancer and 2,31-fold for colorectal cancer.
So “Many cancer patients and their health care providers assume that it is not worth the work to stop smoking at a time when the damage from smoking has already been done, considering these patients have been diagnosed with cancer,” study author Dr Li Tao, an epidemiologist at the Cancer Prevention Institute of California, said in a minutes news release. But the study contradicts that assumption and instead suggests that efforts to quit are indeed worthwhile.
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New Evidence On The Relationship Between Smoking And Cancer – Part 1 of 3
New Evidence On The Relationship Between Smoking And Cancer. Men who agree smoking after being diagnosed with cancer are more likely to die than those who quit smoking, a different study shows. The findings demonstrate that it’s not too late to stop smoking after being diagnosed with cancer, researchers say. They used data from a study conducted in China among men aged 45 to 64, starting between 1986 and 1989.
Researchers determined that more than 1600 among them had developed cancer by 2010. Of those men, 340 were nonsmokers, 545 had quit smoking before their cancer diagnosis and 747 were smokers at the tempo they were diagnosed. Among the smokers, 214 quit after diagnosis, 336 continued to smoke occasionally and 197 continued to smoke regularly. Compared to men who did not smoke after a cancer diagnosis, those who smoked after diagnosis had a 59 percent higher hazard of death from all causes.
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For The Treatment Of Depression The Most Effective Way Is A Combination Of Antidepressants And Psychotherapy – Part 3 of 3
So “Now my endure is that many patients say they prefer to just talk to somebody,” O’Hara noted. “But certainly it’s true that there are many barriers to that, such as the fact that getting psychotherapy requires some effort, you have to go someplace, it may bring in you more out-of-pocket, and there may be more stigma involved than just taking drugs”.
And “It’s also the case that one of the things we’re seeing as well is that antidepressant medication is now very heavily marketed directly to the consumer. I would argue that there has been a dramatic distend in TV, radio, print ads advocating that patients take these medications. Now think about the last time you saw an ad for cognitive behavioral therapy for depression. You quite never have. So where are the shoppers going to go? They’ll go to the place that is advertising.
I’m not saying that’s good or bad or anything. But it’s certainly a factor”. In a second den published in the same journal, a Canadian team from Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto found that mindfulness-based cognitive therapy appears to be as effective as antidepressants at helping successfully treated depression patients stoppage well vigrx oil pegym. The findings stem from work with 160 depression patients between the ages of 18 and 65, some of whom were offered counseling in place of antidepressants to help them learn to track and upon their own thinking patterns during moments of sadness.
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For The Treatment Of Depression The Most Effective Way Is A Combination Of Antidepressants And Psychotherapy – Part 2 of 3
Newer medication options (including the introduction of serotonin discriminatory reuptake inhibitors, or SSRIs), streamlined treatment guidelines, and improved screening tools accounted for the bump in overall treatment. For the study, the researchers analyzed evidence from two national surveys on depression, one conducted in 1998 and one done in 2007. In that time period, there was a small increase in outpatient treatment rates (from 2,37 per 100 individuals to 2,88 per 100 people), and only a nominal bump in antidepressant use.
However, the percentage of patients seeking psychotherapy for depression plummeted, from nearly 54 percent to just above 43 percent. The over authors theorized that a number of factors are driving the trend, not all of which reflect patient preferences. For example, they pointed out that the rise in the rate of prescription drug use may have slowed somewhat as a result of safeness concerns, particularly with respect to their usage among younger patients.
At the same time, Olfson and his team noted that today’s health insurance coverage often provides payment for cheaper medicinal treatments, while placing tough limits on more expensive psychotherapy treatment. “I don’t see these trends as alarming,” said Dr Michael W O’Hara, a professor of psychology at the University of Iowa, in Iowa City. “Especially given that it seems to me that there’s a lot more visibility to dip and an increasing acceptance to it being treated in general. It’s just that the proportion of people being treated with prescription drugs has been going up relative to psychotherapy”.
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For The Treatment Of Depression The Most Effective Way Is A Combination Of Antidepressants And Psychotherapy – Part 1 of 3
For The Treatment Of Depression The Most Effective Way Is A Combination Of Antidepressants And Psychotherapy. Even as fewer Americans have sought psychotherapy for their depression, antidepressant formula rates have continued to arise in recent years, a new survey reveals. “This is an encouraging trend as it suggests that fewer depressed Americans are effective without treatment,” said study author Dr Mark Olfson, a professor of clinical psychiatry at Columbia University/New York State Psychiatric Institute in New York City. “At the same time, however, the deteriorate in psychotherapy raises the possibility that many depressed patients are not receiving optimal care”.
And “While progress is being made in increasing the availability of depression care, a mismatch is split up between clinical evidence and practice,” Olfson cautioned. “For many depressed adults and youth, a combination of psychotherapy and antidepressants is the most effective approach. Yet, only about one-third of treated patients gain both treatments, and the proportion receiving both treatments is declining over time. Efforts should be made to increase the availability of psychotherapy for depression”.
Olfson and his colleagues report the findings in the December issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry. The authors notorious that previous research indicated that depression treatment rose significantly between 1987 and 1997, from less than 1 percent to nearly 2,5 percent. Antidepressant use among depressed patients rose similarly, from just over 37 percent to more than 74 percent. At the same time, however, the share of patients undergoing psychotherapy dropped, from about 71 percent to 60 percent.
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Another Type Of Congenital Heart Disease May Be Cured By The Device And The Surgery – Part 3 of 3
But they do remain at risk of neurological problems, “because of the things they go through and inherent issues”. For that reason, the neurological development of the children in the study is being monitored and a report on their mental progress will be issued in time. Whatever the results, “we have ushered in a rejuvenated era. This is the first randomized trial in congenital heart surgery” vitousa.men.
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